Image file formats that every designer must know

There are many image file formats out there for the web and graphics. People choose their file format according to their needs.

However all images are divided into two types – Raster Images and Vector Images. All image files comes under these two type.

In this article, we are going to discussing some image file formats which we use in our daily life.

Raster Images

Raster images are made with a grid of dots called pixels, where each pixel is assigned a color value. You can say raster images are pixel-based and resolution-dependent. It works great when creating rich and detailed images.

There are many file format comes under raster image file format –

JPEG
It stands for a joint photographic expert group. It is used for those images produced by digital photography. It is a widely known file format and suitable for web and print. Anyone can use it to store or sent photos. It has a smaller file size and support by every image editor and web browser on the market. JPEG is free and easy to use.

PNG
It stands for portable network graphics. It is commonly used in web design where you need to provide a transparent background or a semi-transparent image. It has higher compression rates and cannot be animated.

GIF
It stands for graphics interchange format. It is a small animation and video footage. It supports up to 8 bits per pixel for each image.GIFs did the job better than words it is more communicative. It is perfect for the web.

TIFF
It stands for the tagged image file format. It is popular among graphic artists, the publishing industry, and photographers and extremely high quality. It handles images and data within a single file including header tags such as size, definition, image data, etc.

Free Raster Images – Unsplash, Pixabay, Pexels

Vector Images

Vector images are built with mathematical shapes and small graphics like points, lines, and curves.

There are many file format comes under vector image file format –

SVG
SVG stands for Scalable Vector Graphics. It defines the graphics in XML format and can be created and edited with any text editor. Its images are scalable and zoomable.

AI
AI stands for Adobe Illustrator. This format is strictly limited, it can only be created and edited by Adobe Illustrator. It is mostly used for creating logos, illustrations, and print layouts.

EPS
EPS stands for Encapsulated PostScript.It is created and edited in Adobe Illustrator or CorelDraw. It resized easily and mostly used for logos.

PDF
It stands for portable document format. It works in both raster and vector file format. You need a pdf reader to read the PDF file. it is mostly used when you need to save files that cannot be modified but still need to be easily shared and printed. PDF is free to use and used to distribute read-only documents.

Free Vector Images – Freepik, Vecteezy, Vectorstock

In this article, we covered most of the file format which we use in the web designing profession. I hope this will help you to understand the concept of file formats.

If you have more suggestions related to it then you can share them with us!

Read also: Role of PSD to HTML conversion in the success of a website

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